Claire Sibonney, Reuters *
TORONTO – The Bank of Canada is unanimously expected to keep interest
rates on hold next week, but the uneven economic recovery has primary
dealers and global forecasters divided on the timing of the next hike in
The Reuters poll, released on Thursday, showed 93% median probability
that the Bank of Canada will keep its key rate at 1% at its next policy
announcement date on Dec. 7, with all 44 forecasters polled predicting
Among the 42 that forecast the central bank’s next hike, the majority
saw it happening in the first half. The median forecast for the May 31
policy date has the rate rising to 1.25%.
But among the 12 Canadian primary dealers – the institutions that deal
directly with the central bank to help it carry out monetary policy –
the majority forecast rate hikes in the second half with a median
prediction of a first hike in July.
When compared with a similar poll taken in October, the more recent
survey showed rate hike forecasts had been moved deeper into 2011.
Thirty of the 44 forecasters surveyed say the central bank will still be
at 1 percent after March 1, a more pessimistic view than the last poll.
“Given that the Bank of Canada had indicated that they didn’t want to
see that great a divergence with U.S. rates and the Fed was actually
doing quantitative easing, it made sense to push out the Canadian rate
hike as well as opposed to adamantly defending a Q1 move,” said David
Watt, senior fixed income and currency strategist at RBC Capital
“We’ve had a lot of recovery and we’re seeing some fade at the present
time, so you get that caution that maybe the domestic side of the
economy is not strong enough to offset the still sizable trade hit and
A report out on Tuesday showed Canada’s economy disappointed in the
third quarter with the weakest growth rate in a year, while the economy
shrank outright in September, adding pressure on policy makers to
safeguard the patchy recovery.
Bank of Canada Governor Mark Carney in October gave a blunt assessment
of the global and Canadian economic recoveries, saying the central bank
would plot its next move with extreme caution.
Massive new monetary stimulus by the U.S. Federal Reserve to support a
flagging U.S. economy also prolongs low rates south of the border, and
Canada is seen not wanting to race too far ahead of its largest trading
Mr. Watt noted that a concern for the central bank has been a Canadian
dollar strengthening near parity without having seen a strong rebound in
oil and natural gas prices.
“Sluggish Canadian growth and an elevated exchange rate will keep the
Bank of Canada on hold until well into 2011 if, as we expect, core
inflation readings return to their more muted earlier monthly trend,”
said Avery Shenfeld, chief economist at CIBC World Markets.
“The U.S. Fed should still be on hold at a near-zero funds rate in early
2012, and wider interest-rate differentials would push the (Canadian
dollar) to levels that would be too damaging to Canada’s export
Estimates of the central bank’s target for the overnight rate by the end
of 2011 range between 1% and 2.5%.
Next on the domestic data front, analysts will keep a close eye on the
monthly jobs report on Friday and inflation figures later in the month.